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Lesson 4-2: Anatomy and Physiology of Type 2 Diabetes

Page history last edited by mariaelizabethbunn@... 4 years, 10 months ago



Engaging the Student (Entry Task) 

Developing the Ideas--Lesson

Checking for Understanding (exit ticket)

Student Handout 
Teacher/Lesson Notes

100 min

  1. Show students PPT Slide 1 to introduce the lesson.
  2. Read the statement below to the class, or show Slide 2 of the PPT: "If current trends continue, 1 in 3 adults will have diabetes by 2050"
  3. Ask students to work in pairs to briefly discuss:
    1. What do you know about the effects of type 2 diabetes on the body?
    2. How are these symptoms treated?
    3. What would happen if 1 in 3 adults in the U.S. had type 2 diabetes? 
  4. As a class, discuss and record student responses to the three prompts. Ask students what  aspects  of the symptoms/effects of t2d they would like to learn more about, and record these questions.




View the full lesson plan here:



Students develop a detailed human body poster that shows the many organs and body systems impacted by type 2 diabetes and learn about the damage done to each of those organs. They also learn about treatments for type 2 diabetes and their physiological



Enduring understanding

 If left untreated, type 2 diabetes (chronic elevated blood glucose) has devastating effects on many organs of the body and can lead to death. In the face of the growing epidemic, it is critical that we address ways to treat and prevent type 2 diabetes.


Essential question

  • What are the effects of type 2 diabetes on the body, and how can we treat these effects?


Learning objectives

Students will be able to:

    • Create a human body poster that shows organs affected and damaged by type 2 diabetes.
    • Explain treatment/prevention options for type 2 diabetes
    • Evaluate the relative costs of diabetes prevention and diabetes treatment


Prerequisite Knowledge

Students should be familiar with the human body systems (circulatory, digestive, nervous) and body organs (heart, eye, kidney, stomach, intestines, pancreas, liver)



This lesson provided by:  Type 2 Diabetes: A complex disease of gene and environment interactions. Copyright 2014 by University of Washington. This curriculum was created by Genome Sciences Education Outreach (GSEO) and is supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the Office of Research Infrastructure Programs (ORIP) of the National Institutes of Health through Grant Number R25OD010966. Permission is granted to download, reproduce through printing or photocopying, and distribute copies of Type 2 Diabetes: A complex disease of gene and environment interactions for non-commercial, educational purposes only, provided that credit for the source (GSEO and copyright (© 2014 University of Washington) is given.

  • Computer and Projector
  • Lesson 4-2 PowerPoint
  • Computer with internet access (1/group)
  • Large butcher block paper, big enough for life-sized body outline of a student (1/class)
  • 5 colors of construction paper (1 color/group)


Revisit the statement made at the beginning of the class:


"If current trends continue, 1 in 3 U.S. adults will have diabetes by 2050"


Ask students:


  1. How old will you be in 2050?
  2. If prevention is more desirable than treatment,  and they will be about 50 years old in 2050, at what point in time should their 50 year-old self take steps to prevent diabetes?



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